State & Politics
With the proclamation of the state of Eritrea on the May 24th 1993 the flag of the youngest African state
The Eritrean flag consists of three triangles: The green one on the top symbolise the fertile ground of
the country; the centric red with a yellow olive wreath in his middle in which the red colour stands for the
spilled blood in the fight for freedom and the yellow for wealth.
In the national coat of arms of Eritrea is a dromedar shown and this for a special reason: Even under
difficult circumstances during the 30-year struggle for liberation the domedar was a loyal fellow traveller
of the Eritrean people, because of his reliable endurance and strength.
The Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) succeeded after more than 100 years continual colonial
supremacy by the end of the 30-year liberation struggle, in which more than 65,000 victims demanded
under the Eritrean to defeat the Ethiopian army of occupation in the last dicisive fight near the city of
Decamhare on the May 24th 1991. ||Briefly time later the liberation front established a provisional
Eritrean government. At the same time the military forces of the EPLF supported the invasion of the
Ehiopian People Revolotunary Democratc Front to Addis Abeba and therefore the fall of the military.
One year after an extensive reconnaissance of the population, administration and logistical preparation,
it was the responsibility of the people whether Eritrea shall exist as an independence state or not.
This occurred on April 23th-25th, 1993 within the bounds of a referendum in a worldwide polling station
(Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Middle East, Europe and North-America und Australian), which was watched
by the United Nation, the Arabian league, the non-aligned states and numerous representative of
individual states including Ethiopia.
The turnout was 98,5% of which more than 99,8% for the independence and souvereignity Eritreas’, so
that the provisional government could declare the independence official on May 24th, 1993.
The earliest human remains, which were found in Eritrea, are dated back by two million years.
Therefore, Eritrea’s existence can be put at the beginning of humankind.
The Obelisks which were found in the valley of Barka from the years 8000 BC and the rock paintings
from the years 2000 BC testify the human settlement of the population in this region. Until
today’s date thousands prehistorical places were found in Eritrea: From Karora in the north to Beylul in
the south east in the in country.
Experts are convinced that within the next years more historic significant places will be discovered.