Eritrean Development Undertakings That Spur Better Livelihood



Making assessments help one to see what the pros and cons of the past undertakings were and to chart out more effective programs that could help jump to a higher level of performance at individual or national level. So, the assessment meetings conducted in the southern and central regions just highlighted the overall developments activities carried out in 2012.
Owing to the introduction of ad¬vanced and integrated farm prac¬tice, in the central region abundant yield has been harvested in 2012. Prior to the introduction of such advanced farm system, it should be noted that only 10 quintals of cereal crops per hectare used to be harvested annually. One could easily notice the difference that un¬like in the previous years, around 50 quintals of cereal crops per hectare has been gathered in 2012. Through conducting technology assisted farm activities; four spe¬cies of wheat that could be used in bakeries and also in pasta factories have been harvested in abundance just from small farm plots.
As part of reforestation programs that has been carried out nation¬wide, the central region has in the 2012 planted 1.3 million seedlings in 390 hectares. Eng. Abrham Dan¬iel, head of Agriculture Ministry’s Branch office in the central region, said that the dams constructed in Embeyto and Ade-Beney at 10 mil¬lion Nakfa has a capacity to culti¬vate around 80 hectares. What is more is that modern irrigation in¬frastructure has been put in place in about 120 hectares of farm areas.
Besides the aforementioned achievement registered in the agri¬culture sector, in the central region, varied welfare programs worth 100 million Nakfa has been implement¬ed in 2012. Among the programs carried out in 2012 include: giv¬ing assistance to the families of the fallen heroes, nurturing orphanag¬es, providing monetary assistance to people with disabilities and students who face difficulties to continue education due to familial meager incomes, enabling mem¬bers of the society acquire skills in varied vocational trainings centers and other rehabilitation programs.
In 2012, agricultural activities worth 100 million Nakfa carried out in the southern region. According to Mr. Bahta Tedros , head of Agri¬culture Ministry’s Branch office in the southern region, encouraging achievements have been registered in different major agricultural proj¬ects in 2012.The overall agricul¬tural activities conducted in the en¬tire region include construction of dams and water diversion canals, reforestation, cultivation of green animal feed among others.
In connection with the integrated reforestation programs, the inhab¬itants of the southern region have planted 1.7 million seedlings and out of which the 87% are in good condition. Initiatives taken by the region’s association of farm and dairy products has made due con¬tribution to the increase of diary production by 12% as compared to prior years. Vegetables and fruits harvest has also shown a growth of 16% and that of poultry an increase of 33%.
The minister of Agriculture, Arafayne Berhe, in the assessment meeting held in Mendefera, said that the advances made in livestock and in vegetables and fruits farm¬ing have been exemplary. “Owing to efforts exerted by exemplary farmers, the outcome registered in varied select seeds of wheat in¬troduced in the region just for the experimentation has been very en¬couraging,” the Minister said.
The overall development pro¬grams carried out in the South¬ern region in putting in place the necessary infrastructure such as in the development of transporta¬tion service, supply of electricity, installation of public telephones, and supply of potable water, agricultural ac¬tivities like vegetables and fruits farm and also diary produc¬tion have been among the achievements that changed people’s living standards.
Though not the ul¬timate, what has been achieved in develop¬ment programs of the central and southern regions is of a paramount importance. Any sort of progress is governed by its own pace, some are very speedy and others are very gradual. The nature of life changing development programs is by default gradual.

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