Eritrean news: In the summer of 1945, with the citizens of Munich filing by the human remains laid out in front of Dachau’s crematoria, and with American troops already returning home to the possibility of ownership of a 1946 Chevrolet, the postwar era began. The summer suggested new directions, but that season
was stretched out over a setting of rubble and ruin.
Once again statistics simply tell a story of horrible magnitude. Twenty- five million Russians were homeless. All major German cities had about 80 percent of their prewar housing destroyed. Half of France’s and Italy’s railroad equipment
was destroyed. England had used up one-quarter of its foreign
investments to finance the war.
Nine and one-half million Germans from other regions were resettled in Germany. Four million Poles and Soviet citizens moved into the new areas of Poland acquired from Germany. One million Russians migrated within the Soviet Union.
In every sense of the word European life was unsettled. But, retrospectively, one can see that the most significant of the unsettling effects came not from recovery, but from reconstruction. The ill effects of the war were quickly overcome as a new Europe took shape.” This was written by Raymond F. Betts
in his piece entitled Europe in retrospect. The socio-economic development
of any nations can depend upon many resources and factors. Progressive development of any society can take into account the human resources, natural resource, availability of capital, organization and technology. The role all these
factors can play in the uplifting and development of any nation is obvious. But sustainability of any development scheme can never succeed without the indispensable and central role of human. And when we say human resource we
mean people who can practically and meaningfully participate in the development and what these people have as a value by virtue of being member of a nation.
Initiatives, confidence, discipline, work ethics and nationalism can be considered as great values that can be applicable universally. These can enable the human resource to have a determining contribution and productivity. In this case we
can say human resource is changed to tangible capital. And this human capital is reinforced by education, skill, knowledge, and above all a space to participate meaningfully in every aspect of a nation’s life. What Raymond call resilience
of the European economy right after the end of Second World War was its population’s ability and resilience that was able to change seemingly hopeless situation in to one of the strongest economy in the world. He attributes the recovery of Europe in such a short time to the central role of the human capital that showed great resilience. Indeed it’s been disproved time and again that
the mere availability of resource cannot guarantee development. In fact, improperly managed resources can be a curse and cause horrific havocs. But the world is also full of examples that properly managed resources have caused the
uplifting of societies in the road of development. But sustainable development was possible only when it was coupled with skilled human resource. Indeed expectation of instant change and directing valuable resource in to alleviating
temporary problems has backfired in many African countries. The expectation and aspiration of instant change has led the unwise management of resources and in
most instances it has rendered conflict and contention among different section of the society. As a result Africa has become a scene of many ugly scenarios because of its resources.
What this goes down to is that in the face of immense resources, resilience is a crucial component. Resources should render a sustainable development
where the society depends first and foremost in its ability to be productive. And for this to happen, the people and especially the youth should be equipped with skills and knowledge .And until such stage is reached then, resilience is
necessary which in turn can only be acquired by cultivating values. Education and skills without values are meaningless. The youth have to hold on to their society’s values. They also have to be progressive and hence can change or do without backward practices so as to align themselves with the need of the
time. At this particular juncture in Eritrea therefore, our youth have to
be aware of the need for resilience.
We should look back into history and learn from it so as not to repeat the same mistake. Whatever resource we might be endowed, we should never forget that it is meaningless without the central role of human capital. That’s why
our bright future rests not in the material resources we are blessed with, but on efficient and effective human capital. And even though this first and foremost is the task of the youth themselves, it needs a concerted effort from all section of
the society and the government. Just like we’ve proved it in our struggle for independence our success as a nation is determined by the resilient youth with skills, knowledge and national values. Leading the way to the next chapter
for our nation and set the agenda is their task. The well being of our society and how our society is faring is the outcome of whether we have done our homework or not.