Eritrean News: (Google Software Translation) The BaZ published excerpts of a previously confidential report of Eritrea CVP exterior politician Claude Béglé, the strong doubts about the asylum policy raises.
In his earlier career as an employee of the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) and later as a manager to the Vaud Claude Béglé has been in dozens of countries around the globe. He was in Eastern Europe, as there collapsed communism. He experienced the insular Cuba, as there still revolutionary Fidel Castro ruled with a heavy hand and the West declared a mortal enemy.
His many years of traveling is the former Chairman of Swiss Post – he was elected in the fall for CVP in the House of Representatives and sits in the Foreign Affairs Committee – in a position to set policy conditions and living standards in each country in an international comparison.
Begles experience abroad, it is also because that’s written in February Eritrea study titled – makes a highly interesting, fact-based review “Erythrée situation et perspective”. For Justice Minister Simonetta Sommaruga (SP) which gathered 15 pages findings and recommendations provide, however, a problem: In central points the statements of Federal Councillor contradicted that always stressed Eritrean refugees threatened upon return to home prison and torture, which is why must grant them protection. The anxious words of Magistratin, their denunciation of Eritrea as a “dictatorship” and “criminal state” have made Switzerland an attractive destination country: Alone 2015 set 9966 migrants of Eritrean origin in Switzerland for asylum. A new record.
What brought the West Swiss foreign politicians to paper, are impressions which he won the Horn of Africa during a declared as private travel by Swiss politicians. Start year Béglé was together with the Aargauer Councillor Susanne Hochuli (Green) and the National Councils Thomas Aeschi (SVP, ZG), Christian Wasserfallen (FDP, BE) and Yvonne Feri (SP, AG) in Eritrea go to their own impression of to make the situation there. After returning the media attention was great: With the exception of the Feri Group took the view that the alleged bad conditions were “a Western tall tale” (Quote Hochuli).
That Béglé wrote a detailed assessment that he zustellte Simonetta Sommaruga and Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter (FDP), several chief officers and the members of the Foreign Affairs Committee, was a discrete operation meanwhile. The BaZ, the present document, first published excerpts.
The silent approach of the CVP-exponent seems well considered. Béglé wants a move away from Sommaruga Eritrea welcoming culture. However, he builds rather behind the scenes pressure to take over the media speaker. The temperate Romand wants to avoid being perceived as a right-wing populist or backers of the SVP, which leads the Head of the Federal Department of Justice and Police (FDJP) have long been on their hit list.
As addresses him the BaZ on its expertise and the discrepancy to official migration policy at the federal, Béglé therefore argues with the fluency of a diplomat: “I’m interested in solutions.” And to Sommaruga: ‘As long as there is to report no success in negotiations, it is emphasize not be able to adapt the asylum practice with Eritreans. but I have the impression that amt internal efforts underway are to achieve improvements. “In this way, he lets the government wife the door open a crack, so they still can make a U-turn without losing face.
Change of intonation
After inspection it does not look at Sommaruga currently out however. Rather by stubbornness. The Tages-Anzeiger said their supreme asylum Responsible Mario Gattiker, Director of the State Secretariat for Migration, recently regarding Eritrea: “The opening has not taken place, appropriate hopes have not been fulfilled.”
Béglé comes in his analysis but to a very different findings. On page 13 he writes: “The most striking fact which could be observed, is to change the tone of voice: The government shows the will to open up and develop. Certainly the confessions are still fragile and the authorities in Asmara, there is much distrust of the international community. Distrust prevented the government but not thereto, last Friday (12/02/2016; editor’s note…) To provide for the first time in eight years, a group of experts of the United Nations access to the prison of Sunder ».
An important aspect, especially since the United Nations to the East African country often criticized for to prohibit the visit of prisons.
use opportunity now
Parallel to this willingness Béglé explained, accelerating the “rhythm of foreign delegations” which are getting through. “The Eritreans it want to allow the international community to form an opinion on the spot. Despite their fears and reservations they are willing to open up. “Switzerland needs to take this opportunity to direct” things in a good direction. ” Suppose that while caution: The Eritreans were pretty thin-skinned and convinced of their rights. “The aim must be to build mutual trust.”
Béglé insists he tried to apply his research greatest objectivity. To earn independently facts, he had often been traveling alone. In the appendix of its report, he lists, with whom he held talks: Among them are several ministers of reform Gimes, ambassadors from various countries, representatives of the UN and people from the Eritrean population. In a clandestine meeting he had can even share with opposition supporters, he reveals the BaZ.
Safer than most countries in Africa
Based on all of these meetings comes Béglé to the conclusion that it was “exaggerated” to compare Eritrea with North Korea. “Certainly, there is a deficit in democracy and rule of law. What we have seen, but there was nothing frightening. It has been foretold a highly repressive system with total control, a kind of ‘open-air prison>. Each participant our delegation can confirm, however, we were able to move freely and without <Guardian Angel> through the streets of Asmara and also talk without minders with the people. This movement was also in the provinces outside the capital. “
Among the “devastating reports» which international organizations such as Human Rights Watch or Amnesty International have written in the past, Béglé expresses critical. Last year’s publication of the UN, where the Eritrean regime serious human rights violations and forced labor were accused was probably a “copy collection previous reports”. Béglé also doubt statements was what shot who flee. “It has been little heard from those who leave the country towards Ethiopia. According to my information, the border guard let pass the people most. “
With regard to the Eritrean people, so he had this “hochsympatisch” as, “hospitable”, “not keen on Radical” know. In Eritrea, the security was “clearly better than in most other African countries” and corruption less Béglé holds. Nor was there any tensions between Christians and Muslims. The country seemed to him comparable to Eastern Europe or Cuba, just before they have the outside world no longer closed. “While it is highly probable that there will be abuses, so things tend to improve it.” Eritrea felt obliged to open up, but still looking for the mode, as this could be done without risk.
find better paid work
In the introduction to his descriptions Béglé provides the key question that arises from the Swiss perspective: In the event that the many Eritrean asylum seekers to refugees who are at risk of life and limb (version Sommaruga), or to immigrants who in the heart of Europe promise a richer life of perspective? The conclusion of the CVP politician is unequivocal: “What I witnessed makes me come to the conclusion that it mainly concerns economic migrants in search of a better world. They break with the hope to find a better-paid job abroad and to their families and the country benefit. Nevertheless, this escape base is sometimes combined with other considerations, to escape as a totalitarian and archaic system in which people can not develop. “
Béglé proposes a roadmap of how Switzerland could stop the high influx of Eritrea. In his eyes, there is a key to success is to provide an incentive that motivates refugees to return voluntarily. He performs here the example of Israel in the field that any home traveling Eritreans are 3500 euros for the journey. “We were able to talk to returnees and it appears as Operate the well. When they return home they have not experienced any problems, “writes Béglé. To ensure that no victims of persecution going, it calls for the stationing of independent observers. The decisive he considers it to consult with other countries like Germany, Norway or England and coordinated manner. The Switzerland should an official parliamentary group send and diplomatic relations deepen. Simultaneously, the development assistance needed to be reinforced.
Not Telling opinion
What does the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) to Begles suggestions? Check the BaZ receives a meaningless opinion sent: “. The SEM evaluates ongoing findings of international organizations and NGOs as well as academics, journalists and other trusted sources” On the question of how the remarkable differences between the findings of the National Council and the Eritrea-specialists explaining the SEM, it is said evasively, the estimates of the Federal were “(EASO) in May 2015 under a detailed report for the European asylum support office” published.
It is obvious: The knowledge that has rendered quiet and differentiates the 66-year-old middle-politician, bring Sommaruga current asylum practice in Erklärungsnot. Béglé has left no cheering report on Eritrea – but he puts strongly the horror that is painted in the offices of Bern at the wall. The previously stoic retentive in place Federal Councillor maneuvered visibly into isolation. The support wanes. Even moderate CVP exponents begin to turn away.